BBC E-mail: The globalisation of work – and people

I saw this story on the BBC News iPhone App and thought you should see it.

** The globalisation of work – and people **
Thanks to our connected world, now employees have become globalised, not just the companies they work for, writes Prof Lynda Gratton

** Disclaimer **
The BBC is not responsible for the content of this e-mail, and anything written in this e-mail does not necessarily reflect the BBC’s views or opinions. Please note that neither the e-mail address nor name of the sender have been verified.


Teaching Excellence and Achievement (TEA) Program

Teaching Excellence and Achievement (TEA) Program

The Teaching Excellence and Achievement Program (TEA) provides outstanding secondary school teachers of English as a Foreign Language (EFL), social studies, math and science with unique opportunities to develop expertise in their subject areas, enhance their teaching skills and increase their knowledge about the United States.

Teachers come to the United States from all world regions for a six-week academic program at a U.S. university, including intensive training in teaching methodologies, lesson planning, teaching strategies for their home environment, teacher leadership, and the use of instructional technologies. The program also includes an internship at a secondary school to engage participants with American teachers and students. This program is administered by International Research & Exchanges Board (IREX); for more details visit the IREX website.

Participating Countries

  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bangladesh
  • Bolivia
  • Bulgaria
  • Cambodia
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Georgia
  • Guatemala
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • India
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Mali
  • Morocco
  • Nepal
  • Nicaragua
  • Oman
  • Panama
  • Peru
  • Poland
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • South Africa
  • Tajikistan
  • Thailand
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Venezuela
  • Ukraine
  • Uzbekistan*

Note: Participating countries are subject to change.

*For interested participants from Uzbekistan, please contact for more information.

Eligibility Requirements
All applicants must:

  • Be secondary-school-level, full-time teachers with five or more years of classroom experience** in TEA teaching disciplines: EFL, social studies, mathematics or science.
  • Have proficiency in written and spoken English with a TOEFL score of 450 or equivalent

**For interested participants from Turkey please consult IREX for country-specific eligibility requirements.

Application Deadline
The application deadlines vary by country. Contact the Public Affairs Section of the U.S. Embassy for a copy of the application and for additional information, please visit the website of the IREX, which administers the program.

Alumni Grant Opportunities
Alumni are encouraged to apply for small grants to support follow-up activities in their home countries. Alumni will also be eligible to join the community of alumni of all State Department Educational and Cultural exchange programs.

Related Programs
Teachers in selected countries in the Near East, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and the Western Hemisphere participate in a similar five month professional development program called the International Leaders in Education (ILEP) program.  More information about this program can be found on the IREX website.

El matoneo es un juego de confianza

Bullying Is a Confidence Game


Picture a playground. Big kid randomly targets small kid, beating up small kid while taunting mercilessly. Big kid’s friends laugh and walk away. Psychologists opine that big kid is insecure, a coward at heart. Small kid never tells a soul, but eventually recovers from the sticks and stones and names that nearly broke him.

This is the archetypical image we have of bullying. Based on it, I’ve never been bullied. Perhaps you haven’t either.

But in the business world, bullying is far more complex.

In business, bullies are would-be leaders who, rather than use their talent for assessing strengths and weaknesses in the service of their team and their company, instead look to construct an uncontested fiefdom. There can be a very thin line between a bully and a leader.

In my experience, bullies don’t storm the fortress. Instead, we fling the castle gates wide open, inviting bullies to sup with us, perhaps even to sit at the head of the table. They tend to appear full of confidence, selling themselves as some kind of savior, so we let them in.

But it’s just a confidence game. And whether you are a young professional seeking out a mentor, an entrepreneur looking for a co-founder, or mid-level employee in search of a superb senior manager, you are vulnerable to the manipulations of workplace bullies.

Like the Wizard of Oz, a bully reads people for a living. Perhaps we’ve shared our aspirations with the Wizard, as did the Cowardly Lion, Tin Man, Scarecrow and Dorothy. Even if we haven’t confided in a bully, they have intuitively, if not explicitly conducted a SWOT analysis. Then, rather than doing what a leader does, which is to build on our strengths and compensate for our weakness for a greater purpose, the bully exploits our weaknesses and uses our strength for their own gain.

Lest you feel discouraged realizing that, in fact, you’ve been bullied at least once in your life, allow me to share a few of the lessons I’ve learned on how to avoid, or if not, extricate yourself from this con game.

Look behind the curtain. Before you bring someone into your inner circle, do your due diligence. “But,” you say, “I have a pretty good instinct.” It’s easy to have a good instinct when you meet someone who seems untrustworthy. These people can’t fleece us because we never let our guard down around them. The palace gates are shut tight.

But when a person tells you everything you want to hear, and you wonder, “Where have you been all my life?” it’s hard to resist. I had a boss like this. I so craved her soothing words of encouragement that I was willing in turn to do her office politics dirty work. She had her sights on the proverbial Wicked Witch of the West, and with my help we took her down. Much later, when I wanted to leave her Land of Oz, she stonewalled my departure and I wondered if perhaps the Witch’s hat had been on the wrong head. My advice: when you think you don’t need to look deeper to know someone’s character (especially when you don’t want to), pull back the curtain and take a good hard look — simply because it’s a best practice.

Observe why you are in the thrall of the Wizard. Listen to what he says or does that has you thirstily drinking from his poisonous well. When I first started my entrepreneurial journey, there was a company I wanted to start, and a couple with whom I wanted to build it. They instinctively (for most bullies, it’s rarely malicious) knew I wanted what they were promising so desperately. I didn’t pull back the curtain: unfortunately there was no Toto to reveal the ugly truth. While the venture has long since failed, I can now clearly see the weaknesses my co-founders played on and where and when they went for the jugular. Knowing where I’m vulnerable is a gift that has protected me from bullies I’ve encountered since, and it has given me a deeper understanding of my strengths. Knowing both your strengths and weaknesses can liberate you from the power of a “Wizard.”

Notice what the Wizard says you can’t do. When I confided in the aforementioned boss that I’d like to graduate to another role outside of her supervision, she, who had once purred, “You can do anything!” instead said, “There is no possible way you can pull this off.” In retrospect, it was pretty safe bet I could have done exactly what she told me I couldn’t do. In many ways, I have. And that’s why she didn’t want me to leave her personal fiefdom.

The tragedy in all of this is that the bullies I’ve encountered could be incredible leaders — they are smart, charismatic, even alluring. When narcissism trumps the collective good, you are dealing with a bully. A bully will always try to pull you down in order to push himself up. If you find yourself with a “friend” — a colleague, a manager, or boss — who consistently tells you “you can’t,” take a closer look at what’s in it for him or her.

None of this means we shouldn’t continue to fling wide our personal palace gates, seeking out the best bosses, business partners, and advisors. A career without trust and without collaborators would be dreary indeed. And yet, the best working relationships are forged over time, with confidence earned in the midst of the mundane.

Remember that the lesson of Oz is to have have faith in yourself. Whatever it is you so dearly want, whether it’s courage, a brain or a heart, or simply to be at home — all the things the alluring Wizard is promising — have been within your power to achieve all along. And while a bully may have almost conned you into believing you couldn’t go home, a leader will never let you forget that you can.

More blog posts by Whitney Johnson
Whitney Johnson


Whitney Johnson is a founding partner of Rose Park Advisors, Clayton M. Christensen’s investment firm, and is the author of Dare-Dream-Do: Remarkable Things Happen When You Dare to Dream. To receive an email when she posts, click here.


Developing our creative ideas and projects demands focus, energy and emotional balance, in addition to tools and materials.

Especially if you are a highly sensitive person, as many or most creative people are, you will be more effective and productive in your creative life by exercising conscious self-care.

Creativity and life coach Jenna Avery notes that for “Sensitive Souls, standard formulas don’t work well, like 40-plus-hour workweeks, commutes, fluorescent lights, and cubicles.

“We require physically and emotionally supportive environments along with plenty of independence and privacy. In addition, each sensitive person has specific challenges – such as people, noise, or light. It’s important to know which of these are significant for you and to learn how to address them.”

She adds, “For example, you might bring in an incandescent lighting source or create a cubicle of plants to define your space. You might also learn protective energy techniques for interpersonal challenges.”

From article: “Work that Works for Sensitive Souls: Six Steps to Transforming Your Career” by Jenna Avery.

Jenna Avery is a highly sensitive coach and intuitive who offers Self-Study Classes for Sensitive Souls, a Writers Circle group, and other programs for creative people at

Whether you are working on your own or in a business setting, you may face challenges interacting with other people – as well as getting help and support from them. So paying more attention to how you feel and function with others can be a form of self-care.

A former psychotherapist, Lisa Riley now provides Creativity Coaching.

In her article “5 Ways to Be Kind to Your Creative Self” she notes it is “common for artists and creative professionals to be their worst critic. As creative individuals we beat ourselves up if our productivity or level of creativity doesn’t match up to our expectations.”

Dealing with self-criticism and “learning how to treat yourself with kindness is essential to your professional development and most importantly in surviving the challenges of pursuing a career in a creative industry.”

Here are her suggestions for ways to be compassionate towards yourself, to help support your healthy physical and emotional life as a creator.

1. Acceptance

Accepting things as they are is a great way to give yourself permission to be exactly where you’re at in your creative process even if that means struggling to maintain motivation or coming up with ideas. In other words, not judging your current situation as good or bad, but that it is what it is.

2. Letting Go of Expectations

Sometimes, we place too rigid or high expectations on ourselves. For instance, some creative professionals have this idea that success means creativity would come easy for them, when in reality, creativity is an ebb and flow process.

So, always evaluate if your expectations are reasonable or unpractical and don’t be afraid to modify them in order to be more flexible.

3. Say Kind Words to Yourself

It’s interesting how without question, many of us treat our loved ones, the people we care about with loving-kindness. Yet when it comes to ourselves, we’re not so kind. We are quick to judge and tell ourselves unkind words. Adopting a nurturing and supportive inner voice is a huge part of practicing self-compassion.

Become aware of the statements that you tell yourself. Are they nurturing or are they critical? Are they supportive or are they judgmental? Are they kind or are they mean?

4. Focus on the Successes in your Past

When we’re struggling with our creativity, it’s easy to lose sight of our past accomplishments. We begin to define ourselves with struggling. Don’t forget how far you’ve come and what you have accomplished this far.

When we forget our strengths, talents and past accomplishments, we judge ourselves negatively versus treating ourselves with kindness.

5. Small Achievements are Equally Deserving

Whether your art is showcased in a local paper versus a national art magazine or you directed a commercial versus a blockbuster, it’s important to give yourself credit for even the small achievements. Even if you haven’t yet arrived at your ultimate goal, your small successes are vital stepping stones.

So, don’t forget to give yourself a pat on the back for even the little accomplishments.

Read more articles by Lisa Riley on her blog, and see her multiple Products for Your Creative Success on her site The Art of Mind.

[Photo: Entrepreneur mentor Ali Brown, from my Facebook page The Inner Entrepreneur.]



Douglas Eby, MA/Psychology, is a writer and researcher on the psychology of personal growth and developing creativity. He is creator of the Talent Development Resources series of sites.

Also see his Facebook and Twitter pages, and Profile on Google+. Get a subscription to The Creative Mind for Kindle.

He is author of the book Developing Multiple Talents – The personal side of creative expression [] [].

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    Last reviewed: 11 Jun 2012

APA Reference
Eby, D. (2012). Self-care and Creative Achievement. Psych Central. Retrieved on June 11, 2012, from…



Just read a very funny and true post on the HBR Blog by Joel Stein called Boringness: The Secret to Great Leadership.  Joel talks about how his images of great leaders “were based mainly on movies and sports. I figured great leaders did a lot of alpha-male yelling and inspirational speechmaking.”

In doing research for a book, though, he discovered that most really effective leaders aren’t the loud, pizz-azzy kind.  He found, instead, depth of commitment and a quiet attention to the details that allow that commitment to bear fruit.

I agree.  In Leading So People Will Follow, I talk about the six qualities that people most want to see in their leaders – the qualities that cause people to fully accept another’s leadership.  One of the six is Passion.  But we’ve discovered, like Joel, that passion isn’t a wild, loud, take-no-prisoners quality.  True passion requires honestly committing to something about which you feel deeply, and staying committed through difficult circumstances.  Here are the five indicators that a leader has true passion:

  • Commit honestlyPassionate leaders genuinely believe in what they espouse. People are touched and engaged by the genuineness of their passion. 
  • Make a clear case without being dogmaticThey convey the power of their belief without dismissing or belittling others’ points of view.
  •  Invite real dialogue about their passionTheir passion is balanced with openness: they want to hear and integrate others’ points of view.
  •  Act in support of their passionThey walk their talk: their day-to-day behaviors support their beliefs.
  •  Stay committed despite adversity and setbacksTheir commitment isn’t flimsy; when difficulties arise, they hold to their principles and find a way forward.

When a leader is passionate, people feel a deep sense of being led in a worthy direction by someone who is committed to something more important than his or her own individual glory.  Joel gives a great example, talking about his experiences observing Captain Buzz Smith, a fire captain in Hollywood:

Everyone at his firehouse knows they are doing things exactly right. And that seems to make them both proud and assured. They would do anything for Capt. Smith. Not because they love him — I’m not entirely sure that outside of the firehouse he could inspire them even to switch TV channels — but because his deep belief in his mission makes them also believe in that mission.

What Capt. Smith understands is that inspiring people through your personality is a risky, exhausting endeavor. But if you make people feel like you’re going to help them accomplish something far bigger than you — not only saving lives, but living by a system that provides dignity and pride — you can let your belief do the work for you.

Real passion provides inspiration that’s much deeper than cheerleading or a temporary emotional high. When leaders are truly passionate, people feel included in the leader’s commitment, part of making important things happen.  That’s satisfying on a very deep level, and it lasts.

20 years after his death, Colombian drug lord is king of telenovela – Wire Lifestyle – The Sacramento Bee

Almost two decades after he was gunned down on a Medellin rooftop, Colombia’s most notorious villain is being resurrected on national television. Pablo Escobar – the bloody and lavish drug lord who swamped the world with cocaine and left thousands of bodies in his wake – is getting his own biopic.

Since May 28, Colombia’s Caracol television has been showing its new series, “Pablo Escobar: The Boss of Evil,” to record-breaking audiences. Telemundo plans to broadcast the show, some of which was shot in Miami, in the United States later this year.

In a country awash in narco-novelas that glamorize the bloody exploits of fictional drug dons, “Boss of Evil” aims to be something different. The two creators of the show know Escobar’s violence firsthand.

Juana Uribe, Caracol’s vice president for programming, wrote and produced the series. Her mother, reporter Maruja Pachon, was kidnapped by Escobar. She later told her story to Nobel Laureate Gabriel Garcia Marquez, who used it in “News of a Kidnapping.” Uribe’s uncle, presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galan, was murdered by the cartel. Her co-producer on the project is Camilo Cano, who was 20 years old when Escobar’s henchmen killed his father, the crusading director of El Espectador newspaper.

“We wanted to show the victims of this conflict and for the public to understand that there were brave people who stood up to the cartel, that these people also have stories worth telling,” Cano said. “We’ve never been able to tell this story in Colombia, because in the midst of all the pain and trauma we never had a moment to step back and analyze the situation.”

In Cano’s case, he wanted to tell the story of his father, who tried to raise the alarm about Escobar and his cronies. The scathing articles eventually angered the drug lord and Cano was killed just days before Christmas in 1986 when his car was booby-trapped to explode.

Despite the satisfaction of sharing his father’s story with a new generation, the process was painful, Cano said.

“You can understand how difficult it might be to revive your father just to kill him again,” Cano said. “There was nothing cathartic about this.”

Based on the book “La Parabola de Pablo” by Alonso Salazar, the show traces Escobar’s rise from small-time thug and cigarette trafficker to one of the richest and most powerful men in the hemisphere – traipsing through Miami, winning a seat in Congress, and famously offering to pay Colombia’s foreign debt to avoid extradition to the United States. Along the way, Escobar’s largesse – he built thousands of homes for Medellin’s poor – made him a Robin Hood figure to many.

But the producers say the show will highlight Escobar the sociopath, the man who ordered an Avianca airliner with 110 people on board to be blown up, in hope, it was said, of killing presidential candidate Cesar Gaviria, who missed the flight.

Escobar tortured, kidnapped and maimed those who got in his way. Almost 1,000 policemen were killed after he put a bounty on their heads, Semana magazine reported. In all, Escobar is thought to be linked to about 5,000 murders.

“If people watch this and still think that he’s a hero, then that’s their problem,” Uribe said. “We make it clear that Escobar didn’t care about the pain he caused and didn’t care about his victims.”

What is clear is that the audience cares about the show. The opening episode had more than 11 million viewers – a record for Colombian television. Its stars, particularly Andres Parra, who plays Escobar, have been splashed across the covers of newspapers and magazines. Press calls have come in from around the world, Uribe said.

In a recent column, Omar Rincon, the television critic for El Tiempo, said the show was more revealing about Colombia than the nightly news, and that it was likely to be among the “great television programs of the 21st century.”

But not everyone’s happy to see Escobar again.

Alvaro Morales is the curator of the Escobar museum at Hacienda Napoles, the drug lord’s legendary ranch in Puerto Tirunfo. During its heyday, Napoles was a heavily armed pleasure complex that had a landing strip for cocaine-laden airplanes, a zoo and air boats. Today, the ranch is run as an amusement park by the state and is trying to disassociate itself from its infamous owner. Producers said that Napoles has lost so much of its narco-splendor that they decided to fake the ranch using several locations, including a Miami zoo.

But Morales said he wouldn’t have let Caracol film there anyway.

While the show claims it will humanize Escobar’s victims, Morales said he hasn’t seen evidence of that in its opening weeks. And while the program claims to demonize Escobar, he fears that it’s turning him into a cult hero for a new generation of Colombians.

“Human stupidity has no limits.” Morales said.

While Colombia has come a long way in shaking off its dark past, there’s much about the show that’s still relevant. Cano said he and his family are still seeking justice for their father’s murder. The original trial was suspended after the cartel killed two judges and the prosecutor overseeing the case.

While the homicide rate in Colombia has dropped 50 percent in the past decade, drug-fueled violence has turned Central America into the most dangerous region on the planet. And parts of Mexico resemble Colombia during the height of Escobar’s reign, Uribe said.

“Drug running hasn’t decreased and consumption hasn’t decreased – it’s just travelling different routs and there are other drug lords,” she said. The show underscores the cost of the drug war on Colombia, she added. “That’s not a price any other country should pay.”